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MagusDraco
Nov 11, 2011

even speedwagon was trolled


1809 + Retpoline update on my i5-3550: It worked and so far 1809 hasn't killed anything. Also the version of 1809 that was installed came with the latest cumulative update so that was nice. Feels like it HAS helped with Metro Exodus some. I don't seem to drop to the low 40s randomly as often though since I'm not just using a benchmark or viewing the same scenes as before the retpoline update this could all just be a placebo


edit: welp, new page don't have much to add beyond what I put up there.

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wolrah
May 8, 2006
what?


MagusDraco posted:

Yeah I remember that but also remember 1809 (or the first roll out of 1809) sometimes nuking your files
That only happened if you had a specific situation where they had redirected a folder like Documents, Pictures, etc. from the usual location but kept some files in the original place. For most users this was incredibly rare, but apparently there were a few ways to inadvertently end up doing this when using OneDrive.

Microsoft put up a surprisingly detailed post explaining the situations it could delete files here: https://blogs.windows.com/windowsex...indows-insiders

redeyes
Sep 14, 2002
I LOVE THE WHITE STRIPES!

So... is deal with Retpoline something that manually has to be done?

code:
Enabling Retpoline in Windows 10 Build 1809 and later
Please read this whole section before continuing.

For those who have compatible processors and do not want to wait for Retpoline to be enabled, Microsoft has released information on how to modify the Windows Registry so that you can enable this new mitigation feature.

On Windows 10 Client SKUs:
Create a backup of the HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management key by exporting it.
Open an elevated command prompt.
Execute this command: reg add "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management" /v FeatureSettingsOverride /t REG_DWORD /d 0x400
Execute this command: reg add "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management" /v FeatureSettingsOverrideMask /t REG_DWORD /d 0x400
Restart Windows 10.
?

astral
Apr 26, 2004



redeyes posted:

So... is deal with Retpoline something that manually has to be done?

code:
Enabling Retpoline in Windows 10 Build 1809 and later
Please read this whole section before continuing.

For those who have compatible processors and do not want to wait for Retpoline to be enabled, Microsoft has released information on how to modify the Windows Registry so that you can enable this new mitigation feature.

On Windows 10 Client SKUs:
Create a backup of the HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management key by exporting it.
Open an elevated command prompt.
Execute this command: reg add "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management" /v FeatureSettingsOverride /t REG_DWORD /d 0x400
Execute this command: reg add "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management" /v FeatureSettingsOverrideMask /t REG_DWORD /d 0x400
Restart Windows 10.
?

If you donít want to wait for the eventual rollout, yes.

redeyes
Sep 14, 2002
I LOVE THE WHITE STRIPES!

Already done. I don't run VMs with customer data on my machine, so why not?

SouthShoreSamurai
Apr 28, 2009

It is a tale,
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
Signifying nothing.




Fun Shoe

No idea if this is the right place for this question, but I can't find any kind of "Random Questions Mega-Thread" like there are in other sub-forums. If there's a better place, let me know and I'll move this there...

Scenario: I have a folder containing quite a few pdf files (of commercial invoices). I would like to find specific ones of these pdfs and copy them into a new file.

The files are named after the tracking numbers under which they were shipped.

I have a couple of ways of identifying the files I want copied:

- I have the tracking numbers of those I want copied. However, I have to copy about 300 out of literally thousands. That's a ton of manual process to find/copy/paste into new folder.

- I also can use the Adobe Search to look inside the pdfs for the unique account number for these 300. I've done that (mostly) successfully, but I don't see any way of copying the results of that, so I end up back at square one of doing them manually.

xylo
Feb 21, 2007


redeyes posted:

So... is deal with Retpoline something that manually has to be done?
if you just take updates normally you just end up getting it (and enabled if possible) automatically. I checked around 18850 and it was already on there for me. Still is as of 18855.

redeyes
Sep 14, 2002
I LOVE THE WHITE STRIPES!

xylo posted:

if you just take updates normally you just end up getting it (and enabled if possible) automatically. I checked around 18850 and it was already on there for me. Still is as of 18855.

I was behind about 5 months of reboots so, just installed everything and ran that reg thing for safeness. System is more snappy for sure. A+ 5 stars

Stare-Out
Mar 11, 2010

not all who wander are lost


Why doesn't Windows have the option to manually restart after an update? Giving it a set time to update restart is all well and fine but why is it limited to that? I have a Win 10 computer doing things that take hours and hours and frequently they get screwed over because of an update and Windows decides to reboot afterwards. How do you turn this off?

redeyes
Sep 14, 2002
I LOVE THE WHITE STRIPES!

Because there are a bunch of fishmechs in microsoft. That's why.

astral
Apr 26, 2004



Stare-Out posted:

Why doesn't Windows have the option to manually restart after an update? Giving it a set time to update restart is all well and fine but why is it limited to that? I have a Win 10 computer doing things that take hours and hours and frequently they get screwed over because of an update and Windows decides to reboot afterwards. How do you turn this off?

Pause updates briefly if you are doing something that absolutely, positively cannot be interrupted? Set active hours to encompass the time-frames these things are happening?

Stare-Out
Mar 11, 2010

not all who wander are lost


The computer in question is doing video stuff pretty much 24/7 so setting up a schedule around the six-hour window you're allowed doesn't work. And Windows always sneaks the updates in there and the restart is always super abrupt with only the tiny notification thing in the corner to signal it. I'd be fine if it threw up a tiny window pestering me about restarting every 30 minutes or something, not booting up on its own and corrupting files in the process.

E: Maybe I'll just take it offline while it works or something.

astral
Apr 26, 2004



Stare-Out posted:

setting up a schedule around the six-hour window you're allowed doesn't work.

What about setting up a schedule around the 18-hour window you're allowed with active hours?

Mr Shiny Pants
Nov 12, 2012


astral posted:

allowed with active hours?

Computing in 2019........

I still can't stand this to be honest.

Stare-Out
Mar 11, 2010

not all who wander are lost


What I mean by that is that there's no way to disable it entirely, Windows just gives you a time period when you're not active on the computer but the computer is active all the time so that option doesn't work. More time would be even worse since that would make it even harder to narrow down when it might reboot, but the smallest amount isn't small enough for that either.

hooah
Feb 6, 2006
WTF?

We've been over this before. If you're doing something that absolutely cannot be interrupted you shouldn't be using a consumer version of the operating system.

Lambert
Apr 14, 2018

by Fluffdaddy


Fallen Rib

Stare-Out posted:

What I mean by that is that there's no way to disable it entirely, Windows just gives you a time period when you're not active on the computer but the computer is active all the time so that option doesn't work. More time would be even worse since that would make it even harder to narrow down when it might reboot, but the smallest amount isn't small enough for that either.

You can set your PC to not receive updates for up to 35 days. Just use that functionality (Win 10 Pro). The Home version currently can't do that, but will be able to defer for up to seven days with the upcoming April update.

There's also a tool out there that will simply move the "active hours" every hour to disable updates.

redeyes
Sep 14, 2002
I LOVE THE WHITE STRIPES!

Stare-Out posted:

The computer in question is doing video stuff pretty much 24/7 so setting up a schedule around the six-hour window you're allowed doesn't work. And Windows always sneaks the updates in there and the restart is always super abrupt with only the tiny notification thing in the corner to signal it. I'd be fine if it threw up a tiny window pestering me about restarting every 30 minutes or something, not booting up on its own and corrupting files in the process.

E: Maybe I'll just take it offline while it works or something.

Upgrade to Win 10 Pro, use GPEdit.msc to make updates manual. Honestly, anything that needs to run 24/7 needs pro not home.

Stare-Out
Mar 11, 2010

not all who wander are lost


It is running Pro. Also thanks for those methods, gonna give them a shot!

Lambert
Apr 14, 2018

by Fluffdaddy


Fallen Rib

Stare-Out posted:

It is running Pro. Also thanks for those methods, gonna give them a shot!

The "Pause updates" option is in the advanced options of Windows Update, if you're looking for it. The April update will make it more obvious.

isndl
May 2, 2012
I WON A CONTEST IN TG AND ALL I GOT WAS THIS CUSTOM TITLE

You could disable the reboot task but it's likely that the result is you'll put off the update for a very long time, since it's hard to notice the update notification and you'd rather start on the next job instead of waiting on a reboot if you did notice. Meanwhile forcing the update is the correct move security-wise because a mostly unattended machine online 24/7 is the best kind for a botnet.

It'd be nice if Windows had some sort of API where the app can check and warn you of impending updates, or at least notify Windows that there's a job in progress and please hold off until it's done. Not that devs would necessarily update their apps to use it.

Stare-Out
Mar 11, 2010

not all who wander are lost


I'll update it between jobs, that's not a problem. A notification to remind me to restart for new updates would be ideal but I don't mind having to do the whole thing manually if it means I don't waste hours on a task because Windows wrecked it by rebooting.

Combat Pretzel
Jun 23, 2004

No, seriously... what kurds?!

hooah posted:

We've been over this before. If you're doing something that absolutely cannot be interrupted you shouldn't be using a consumer version of the operating system.
People are still pretending all the variants are different?

AlexDeGruven
Jun 29, 2007

Watch me pull my dongle out of this tiny box




gourdcaptain posted:

Opposite, almost. Newer Intel CPUs (Skylake and later) do further unsafe speculative execution that can't be avoided entirely with a retpoline construct, so they are forced to use the slower microcode-based mitigation instead.

Well of course that's the case, because why not? I've only been in IT for 20 years. I should know better.

gourdcaptain
Nov 16, 2012



AlexDeGruven posted:

Well of course that's the case, because why not? I've only been in IT for 20 years. I should know better.

Yep, years of silicon in the pipe before Intel might do anything new to fix the speculative execution vulnerabilities in any way beyond microcode Band-Aids and telling programmers to get good and make all their code handle it.

...and given how many years it took for me to stop seeing machines with newer CPUs and the exact same TSX crash bug until new CPU microcode (that disabled TSX) was released for each on a relatively minor problem by comparison, I'm not hopeful.

gourdcaptain fucked around with this message at 18:28 on Mar 14, 2019

astral
Apr 26, 2004



Stare-Out posted:

I'll update it between jobs, that's not a problem. A notification to remind me to restart for new updates would be ideal but I don't mind having to do the whole thing manually if it means I don't waste hours on a task because Windows wrecked it by rebooting.

Good news, either they're adding such a notification or already have.

Stare-Out
Mar 11, 2010

not all who wander are lost


Sweet, better incredibly late than never.

FRINGE
May 23, 2003
title stolen for lf posting


SouthShoreSamurai posted:

No idea if this is the right place for this question, but I can't find any kind of "Random Questions Mega-Thread" like there are in other sub-forums. If there's a better place, let me know and I'll move this there...

Scenario: I have a folder containing quite a few pdf files (of commercial invoices). I would like to find specific ones of these pdfs and copy them into a new file.

The files are named after the tracking numbers under which they were shipped.

I have a couple of ways of identifying the files I want copied:

- I have the tracking numbers of those I want copied. However, I have to copy about 300 out of literally thousands. That's a ton of manual process to find/copy/paste into new folder.

- I also can use the Adobe Search to look inside the pdfs for the unique account number for these 300. I've done that (mostly) successfully, but I don't see any way of copying the results of that, so I end up back at square one of doing them manually.
Welcome to the world of Powershell and/or Python scripting? By which I mean a lot of googling and cursing until it works and then you celebrate.

Or ctrl-f then copy that one then repeat. Easier than using adobe for anything. (You said the number you need is in the actual file name?)

In the future sub sort into folders by year-month and have the YEAR-MM-DD in the name?

Ruflux
Jun 16, 2012



Oh joy, search stopped working at random. I went through a bunch of the troubleshooting tips I saw on Google and found they had no effect. Is this one of those "just do a refresh" things or is it worth digging deeper to figure out what's its loving problem? I really don't feel like doing either right now, frankly.

Lambert
Apr 14, 2018

by Fluffdaddy


Fallen Rib

You can always hope for the April update to fix it.

Nolgthorn
Jan 29, 2001

The pendulum of the mind alternates between sense and nonsense

I'm really sorry if this gets asked a lot.

I bought a laptop a year or two ago, I formatted the Windows hard drive and installed linux on it. Then I proceeded to never use this laptop more or less whatsoever. Well I think I'd like to try again but linux is still horrible, can I get Windows 10? Do I have to pay for it?

All I have is the hardware, no box or paperwork or anything. It did come with Windows from the store.

dont be mean to me
May 2, 2007

I'm interplanetary, bitch
Let's go to Mars




Nolgthorn posted:

I'm really sorry if this gets asked a lot.

I bought a laptop a year or two ago, I formatted the Windows hard drive and installed linux on it. Then I proceeded to never use this laptop more or less whatsoever. Well I think I'd like to try again but linux is still horrible, can I get Windows 10? Do I have to pay for it?

All I have is the hardware, no box or paperwork or anything. It did come with Windows from the store.

It should have a firmware-based license for whatever edition of Windows you were using, and with a standard Windows install image it'll just pick that up.

Make a USB thingy with the Media Creation Tool and remember to force the laptop to boot UEFI-style. You probably want to re-enable Secure Boot and turn off CSM or whatever your laptop's firmware calls it. (If your laptop even allows CSM (BIOS-style booting) in the first place; mine doesn't!)

EDIT:

You may have to re-do this if it doesn't boot UEFI-style; you do not want MBR/BIOS-style booting in 2019. You can check by opening up Disk Management and right-clicking on the system drive; if it says 'convert to GPT' you (or more likely the MCT) did it wrong, in which case use it to make an ISO instead and copy the files over to your flash drive manually, or just do that in the first place.

OTHER EDIT:

Then again all this assumes your laptop came with Windows 10.

For Windows 8.1 you'll need an 8.1 install image and a way to make it into a flash drive (pick GPT, UEFI Only and FAT32 (large FAT32 is fine)) but otherwise it works the same; then use the MCT directly on the machine to put 10 on it because that still works somehow. Or hell, just format a flash drive, copy the contents of the ISO on to it and point your firmware at it at boot.

"But it's supposed to be NTFS" UEFI does not mandate NTFS support in firmware, which means your flash drive might not boot at ALL, or might install an MBR/BIOS version instead of the GPT/EFI version we want. Use FAT32.

For 7, things get complicated; come back if that's the case.

dont be mean to me fucked around with this message at 19:05 on Mar 15, 2019

Snuffman
May 21, 2004



Grimey Drawer

A minor annoyance, whenever I sign into my PC I get a notification that "There was a problem signing into one or more Microsoft accounts...." but when I click that notification I go to a screen that tells me all my accounts are signed in and working.

Is it just a delay thing where the notification is getting ahead of the actual sign in process in the background? I tried running the troubleshooter for this issue and it found no issues.

EDIT: Running Win10, latest update and all up to date.

Flipperwaldt
Nov 11, 2011

Won't somebody think of the starving hamsters in China?



dont be mean to me posted:

For Windows 8.1 you'll need an 8.1 install image
Pretty much any Windows 7, 8 and 8.1 key can be plugged directly into the Windows 10 installer and if it's embedded in firmware it'll be picked up automatically. No need for all that.

c0burn
Sep 2, 2003

The KKKing


Do I need to give a poo poo about retpoline on an AMD Ryzen 1300x?

dont be mean to me
May 2, 2007

I'm interplanetary, bitch
Let's go to Mars




c0burn posted:

Do I need to give a poo poo about retpoline on an AMD Ryzen 1300x?

You can just wait until 19H1; it's a performance thing, just a faster way to do a Spectre mitigation that - if you have updated firmware - is already covering your system.

Less Fat Luke
May 23, 2003

Just the tip!


Exciting Lemon

I want to replace a 500GB SSD with a 2TB SSD. I was thinking that the process would be using Clonezilla to mirror the old drive to new, and then using Windows to expand the volume (which I've done with other Windows machines). However I popped up Disk Management to check things out before doing this and... what in the gently caress is this layout?



Should I just reinstall?

Rexxed
May 1, 2010

Dis is amazing!
I gotta try dis!



I would reinstall. In theory a dynamic disk can have partitions extended into space that's not adjacent, but the one time I needed it to work it totally didn't so I'd say it's unreliable at best.

fishmech
Jul 16, 2006

by VideoGames


Salad Prong

Less Fat Luke posted:

I want to replace a 500GB SSD with a 2TB SSD. I was thinking that the process would be using Clonezilla to mirror the old drive to new, and then using Windows to expand the volume (which I've done with other Windows machines). However I popped up Disk Management to check things out before doing this and... what in the gently caress is this layout?



Should I just reinstall?

When you clone the drive, you should take the opportunity to move the EFI partition to the "front" and those two small Windows system partitions next to it, and then place the main partition on the end and expand it.

Your system appears to have exceeded the space available in the normal single reserved partition for certain boot or recovery related files, and so created the second one in your unpartitioned space. This is relatively common for people who have moved an install from Windows 7 to a later OS, and sometimes crops up at major upgrades.

If you want the partition table to be tidier, you can also try deleting the 100 MB partition on the new drive after the clone, and just keep the larger OEM partition, and then run boot repair off of a Windows 10 setup USB stick (after you remove the old SSD). This should ensure your new configuration is bootable.

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c0burn
Sep 2, 2003

The KKKing


dont be mean to me posted:

You can just wait until 19H1; it's a performance thing, just a faster way to do a Spectre mitigation that - if you have updated firmware - is already covering your system.

Thanks for your help. I think I wasn't clear though. Does the performance improvement apply to my CPU?

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